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Chromosome-level haplotype-resolved genome assembly of Pinus densiflora

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posted on 2024-04-09, 20:20 authored by Seungill KimSeungill Kim, MIN-JEONG JANGMIN-JEONG JANG, Hye Jeong ChoHye Jeong Cho

Haplotype-level allelic characterization facilitates research on the functional, evolutionary, and breeding-related features of extremely large and complex plant genomes. We report the 21.7 Gb chromosome-level haplotype-resolved assembly in Pinus densiflora. We found genome rearrangements involving translocations and inversions between chromosome 1 and 3 of Pinus species, and a proliferation of specific long terminal repeat-retrotransposons (LTR-RTs) in P. densiflora. Evolutionary analyses illustrated that tandem and LTR-RT mediated duplications led to a remarkable increment of transcription factors (TFs) in P. densiflora. Comparison of P. densiflora haplotypes A and B uncovered allelic imbalances, including presence absence variations of genes (PAV genes), and their functional contributions to P. densiflora traits. Allele-aware resequencing analysis unveiled the allele and PAV gene diversity across P. densiflora accessions. Our study provides insights into key mechanisms underlying the evolution of genome structure, LTR-RTs and TF genes within Pinus lineage, as well as allelic imbalances and diversity across P. densiflora.


HaplotypeA - P.densiflora_v1.0_HA

HaplotypeB - P.densiflora_v1.0_HB

Variation_information_of_P.densiflora_accessions.txt.gz : Genotype information generated from resequencing analysis of P. densiflora accessions

Funding

National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF-2022R1C1C1004918)

History

Research Institution(s)

University of Seoul

Contact email

ksi2204@uos.ac.kr

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