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Multiphasic Value Biases: Raw EEG Data

dataset
posted on 2022-12-12, 04:40 authored by Elaine CorbettElaine Corbett, L. Alexandra Martinez-Rodriguez, Cian judd, Redmond G O‘Connell, Simon P. Kelly

Raw EEG data from paper:


Corbett, Martinez-Rodriguez, Judd, O'Connell & Kelly (2022), Multiphasic Value Biases in Fast-Paced Decisions.


Perceptual decisions are biased toward higher-value options when overall  gains can be improved. When stimuli demand immediate reactions, the  neurophysiological decision process dynamically evolves through distinct  phases of growing anticipation, detection and discrimination, but how  value biases are exerted through these phases remains unknown. Here, 17 participants performed a motion direction discrimination task under high speed pressure, in which one alternative was more valuable than the other. By  parsing motor preparation dynamics in human electrophysiology, we  uncovered a multiphasic pattern of countervailing biases operating in  speeded decisions. Anticipatory preparation of higher-value actions  began earlier, conferring a “starting point”-advantage at stimulus  onset, but the delayed preparation of lower-value actions was steeper,  conferring a value-opposed buildup rate bias. This, in turn, was  countered by a transient deflection toward the higher value action  evoked by stimulus detection. 


Raw 128 channel EEG (Biosemi BDF files).

8 external channels:

1-      Above left eye

2-      Below left eye

3-      Left mastoid 

4-      Right mastoid 

5-      Left thumb EMG distal 

6-      Left thumb EMG proximal 

7-      Right thumb EMG distal 

8-      Right thumb EMG proximal


Naming convention: ParticipantRegimeBlockNo.bdf

or Participant_RegimeBlockNo.bdf


e.g. P1_H1.bdf or P29L2.bdf


Regimes: H: High coherence blocked. L: Low coherence blocked. I (or HL for P1): Interleaved.


Files with N in the filename are 'neutral' practice blocks with no value bias (not used in the analyses).


Note P22 had 2 sessions for the H and L regimes. The second of these sessions has the naming format:


P22Regime3BlockNo.bdf, 


where the '3' denotes session 3.


Task code (MATLAB/Psychtoolbox) available with the behavioural dataset.


Event trigger descriptions:


StartTask = 1

Fixation on = 4;

Cue on = [8 9 7]; % [high-on-left, high-on-right, neutral]

 Dots on = [24 25]; % [dots left dots right]

Response = [20 21]; % [left-button right-button]

Funding

Probing the neural processes underpinning perceptual decisions on a continuum

European Commission

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Neural mechanisms of rapid value-guided sensorimotor decisions in humans

Science Foundation Ireland

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Metabolic flexibility: breaking down food effectively to prolong life

European Research Council

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A neurally-informed behavioural modeling framework for examining individual and group difference in perceptual decision making

European Research Council

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Irish Research Council (GOIPD/2017/1261)

History

Research Institution(s)

Trinity College Dublin, University College Dublin.

Contact email

corbetel@tcd.ie

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Competing Interest Statement

The authors declare no competing interests.

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