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Multiphasic Value Biases Analysis

software
posted on 2022-12-12, 04:34 authored by Elaine CorbettElaine Corbett, L. Alexandra Martinez-Rodriguez, Cian judd, Redmond G O‘Connell, Simon P. Kelly

Analysis code and data from  

Corbett, Martinez-Rodriguez, Judd, O'Connell & Kelly (2022), Multiphasic Value Biases in Fast-Paced Decisions.


Perceptual decisions are biased toward higher-value options when overall  gains can be improved. When stimuli demand immediate reactions, the  neurophysiological decision process dynamically evolves through distinct  phases of growing anticipation, detection and discrimination, but how  value biases are exerted through these phases remains unknown. Here, 17 participants performed a motion direction discrimination task under high speed pressure, in which one alternative was more valuable than the other. By  parsing motor preparation dynamics in human electrophysiology, we  uncovered a multiphasic pattern of countervailing biases operating in  speeded decisions. Anticipatory preparation of higher-value actions  began earlier, conferring a “starting point”-advantage at stimulus  onset, but the delayed preparation of lower-value actions was steeper,  conferring a value-opposed buildup rate bias. This, in turn, was  countered by a transient deflection toward the higher value action  evoked by stimulus detection. A neurally-constrained process model featuring anticipatory urgency,  biased detection, and accumulation of growing stimulus-discriminating  evidence, successfully captured both behavior and motor preparation  dynamics. Thus, an intricate interplay of distinct biasing mechanisms  serves to prioritise time-constrained perceptual decisions. 


Contains Pre-processed data; Pre-processing code; Analysis code to produce EEG figures and statistical results from the paper. See Readme for details. Modelling code and results in separate folder.

Funding

Probing the neural processes underpinning perceptual decisions on a continuum

European Commission

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Neural mechanisms of rapid value-guided sensorimotor decisions in humans

Science Foundation Ireland

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Metabolic flexibility: breaking down food effectively to prolong life

European Research Council

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A neurally-informed behavioural modeling framework for examining individual and group difference in perceptual decision making

European Research Council

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Irish Research Council (GOIPD/2017/1261)

History

Research Institution(s)

Trinity College Dublin, University College Dublin

Contact email

corbetel@tcd.ie

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